Build and Push Docker Image to AWS ECR using GitHub Action


GitHub Actions is a powerful continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) tool provided by GitHub. It allows developers to automate software workflows and build, test, and deploy code changes from within the GitHub platform.

AWS ECR (Amazon Elastic Container Registry) is a fully-managed Docker container registry service provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS). It allows developers to store, manage, and deploy Docker container images securely. Here are some key features and functionalities of AWS ECR

Docker image is a lightweight, standalone, and executable package that contains everything needed to run a software application, including the code, runtime environment, system tools, libraries, and settings. Docker images are built from a set of instructions called a Dockerfile, which defines the steps needed to create the image.


  • Required GitHub repository.
  • Basic knowledge of YAML language.
  • AWS account.

In this post, We will show you how to create GitHub action’s workflow to build and push docker image to AWS ECR using GitHub Action.

Step 1: Creating Dockerfile

We need to create simple Dockerfile to build docker image and push on AWS ECR, Use the following command for the same.

To create Dockerfile.

nano Dockerfile

Paste the following set of commands.

FROM ubuntu:16.04
RUN apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y
RUN apt-get install apache2 -y
RUN rm /var/www/html/index.html
RUN echo "Hello DevOpstricks" > /var/www/html/index.html
CMD ["/usr/sbin/apache2ctl", "-D", "FOREGROUND"]

Save and push in Git repository.

Step 2: Configure AWS Secret Variables

We need to the following secrets from the Docker hub that we will use the GitHub action’s secrets variable.

Collect the following Creds from AWS ECR creds.


Go to the Setting tab and click on Secrets and variables button on left side, and the click on Action button.

and Create and update the Docker hub Creds over their.

Step 3: Creating Build and Push Workflow

We are good to create build and push the Docker image to the AWS ECR using GitHub Action workflow.

Go to the Action tab.

Click on set up a workflow yourself button.

Now we need to the paste the following yaml configuration.

      - main  # Change this to your desired branch

    runs-on: ubuntu-latest

        - name: Checkout
          uses: actions/checkout@v2    
        - name: Setup AWS ECR Details
          uses: aws-actions/configure-aws-credentials@v1
            aws-access-key-id: ${{ secrets.AWS_ECR_ACCESS_KEY_ID }}
            aws-secret-access-key: ${{ secrets.AWS_ECR_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY }}
            aws-region: ${{secrets.AWS_ECR_REGION_NAME}}

        - name: Login to Amazon ECR
          id: login-pf-aws-ecr
          uses: aws-actions/amazon-ecr-login@v1

        - name: Build and push the tagged docker image to Amazon ECR
            ECR_REGISTRY: ${{ steps.login-pf-aws-ecr.outputs.registry }}
            ECR_REPOSITORY: ${{secrets.AWS_ECR_REPO_NAME}}
            IMAGE_TAG: latest
          run: |
            docker build -t $ECR_REGISTRY/$ECR_REPOSITORY:$IMAGE_TAG .
            docker push $ECR_REGISTRY/$ECR_REPOSITORY:$IMAGE_TAG

Click on Commit Changes button.

Step 4: Validate Docker Image in AWS ECR

We need to go to the AWS Container repository to see the docker images.


We have successfully Build and push the Docker image to AWS ECR with GitHub Action , If you still have questions, please post them in the comments section below.


Build and Push Docker Image to AWS ECR using GitHub Action

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