LEMP is the stack of Linux, Nginx, MariaDB and PHP, We can deploy PHP based project on LEMP server and also LEMP is so popular for WordPress CMS to build a website for their client, We can install LEMP server on AWS/ Azure/GCP and other cloud platform and scale also.
Know about LEMP Stack
Linux – Linux is a Unix-like operating system that uses a command line interface. It is one of the most popular operating systems on the internet and is used by a wide variety of organizations, from small home offices to large corporations. Linux is free and open source software, meaning that it is distributed under a license that allows anyone to use, copy, modify, and distribute it.
MariaDB – MariaDB is a popular open source database server. It is a fork of the MySQL database server. MariaDB is popular for its performance and scalability..
PHP – PHP is a server side scripting language designed specifically for web development, created it in 1993 and released it in 1995. The PHP Group now produces the PHP reference implementation.
Nginx – Nginx is a reverse proxy, load balancer, mail proxy, and HTTP cache in addition to being a web server. Igor Sysoev developed the software, which was made available to the public in 2004. Nginx is open-source software that is free and distributed under the 2-clause BSD license.
In this post, We will know how to install LEMP server on ubuntu 22.04 LTS.
You will need an Ubuntu 22.04 server, a non-root sudo-enabled user account, and a basic firewall to finish this tutorial.
Step 1: Update the System
We need to update the cache of the package manager by using the given command.
sudo apt-get update
Step 2: Install Nginx Web server
After updating the ubuntu current repo, We are good to install nginx package using following command.
sudo apt-get install nginx -y
Step 3: Verify the Nginx Service
After installation of nginx package, We need to check nginx service is running or not, Kindly use the following command for the same.
sudo systemctl status nginx.service
You have have up and runing nginx service after execution the above command.
Note: To use the nginx web server from outside the private network, you must either enable or disable port 80 in your OS lever and network lever firewalls.
Step 4: Installing PHP
In this step, We need to install PHP and required PHP module, Use the following command for the same.
sudo apt-get install php php-curl php-json php-cgi php-gd php-mbstring php-xml php-xmlrpc libapache2-mod-php php-mysql -y
Step 5: Installing MariaDB Server
In order to install MariaDB server on ubuntu, You need to execute the given command for the same.
sudo apt-get install mariadb-server -y
To check MariaDB service.
sudo systemctl start mariadb.service
Use the following command as the root user to secure the MariaDB server after the aforementioned packages have been successfully installed.
You will asked for the some configuration and security setting, You should choose the option as per your need.
Step 6: Testing PHP with Nginx Web Server
We need to create a php file and add given code to get PHP information using nginx web server endpoints.
Create a phpinfo.php file in /var/www/html location.
sudo echo "<?php phpinfo();?>" > /var/www/html/phpinfo.php
After that, you need to enter the given URL into the web browser, You need to open the browser with given web address to get PHP information test page.
http://localhost/phpinfo.php or http://IP_Address/phpinfo.php
You should get web page like this.
We have successfully installed the LEMP stack with MariaDB server on ubuntu 22.04 LTS, If you still have questions, please post them in the comments section below.