Installing OpenSSL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS


OpenSSL is a software library that helps secure communication over computer networks. It provides tools and functions for encrypting data, ensuring that information is transmitted securely between devices. OpenSSL is commonly used for implementing secure websites (using HTTPS) and for various cryptographic tasks, such as creating and managing digital certificates. It’s an open-source tool, meaning its source code is freely available for inspection and modification by the user community. Overall, OpenSSL plays a vital role in keeping digital information safe and private on the internet.

Here are some key aspects and functionalities of OpenSSL:

  • Open Source
  • Cross-Platform
  • Certificate Management
  • Command-Line Tools
  • Cryptographic Functions
  • Secure Communication


  • Up and running ubuntu 22.04 LTS machine.
  • Basic knowledge in Linux commands.
  • Internet connectivity.

In this post, We will show you how to install OpenSSL and generate the self-signed certificate and key on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

Step 1: Update Package List

Open a terminal and update the package list to make sure you have the latest information about available packages:

sudo apt-get update

Step 2: Installing OpenSSL

Run the following command to install OpenSSL:

sudo apt-get install openssl -y

Step 3: Verify Installation

You can verify that OpenSSL is installed by checking its version:

openssl version

You can verify that OpenSSL is installed by checking its version:

Step 4: Generate a Self-signed Certificate and Private Key

Generate a Private Key

openssl genpkey -algorithm RSA -out private_key.pem

This will generate a private key and save it to a file named private_key.pem.

Generate a Self-Signed Certificate

use the private key to generate a self-signed certificate:

openssl req -x509 -new -key private_key.pem -out certificate.pem

This command will prompt you to provide some information for the certificate, such as country, organization, and common name. Fill in the details as needed.

The resulting certificate will be saved to a file named certificate.pem.

Step 5: Verify the Generated Files

You can use the following commands to view the contents of the generated private key and certificate:

cat private_key.pem

cat certificate.pem

Ensure that the private key (private_key.pem) and certificate (certificate.pem) files have been generated successfully.

That’s it! You now have a self-signed certificate (certificate.pem) and its corresponding private key (private_key.pem). Keep in mind that self-signed certificates are useful for testing or local development but are not recommended for production environments, as they are not signed by a trusted certificate authority. In production, it’s recommended to obtain a certificate from a trusted certificate authority (CA).


We have successfully Installed OpenSSL on ubuntu 22.04 LTS Debian machine, If you still have questions, please post them in the comments section below.


Installing OpenSSL on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS

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